So you have successfully installed Ubuntu. If you have installed it from CD, it may not include all packages that you need. apt-get will do that !
What is apt-get ?
apt-get is known as Advanced Packaging Tool.
apt-get is the command-line tool for handling packages.
for example, If you want to install xmms music player, just enter this command in your terminal.
sudo apt-get install xmms
It will download the xmms package and it wil install automatically. Then, You will find it at Applications > Sound & Video > xmms . isn’t that easy ? 😉
Add Extra Repositories …
Before apt-getting some packages you need to add sources (from where you want to download the packages). Don’t worry i’ll tell you that in just a moment.
sources are stored in /etc/apt/sources.list file.
Just backup it by entering this command…
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup
download my sources.list file. [download]
download it & keep it in your home directory…
now enter this command,
sudo cp ~/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update
Now, you are ready to apt-get 🙂
(You can use this command to keep your system up-to-date :
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade )
apt-get install …
First thing first we need mp3 player. is it ?
Yeah ! xmms is similar to Winamp , it can play mp3 songs.
wanna install xmms…
sudo apt-get install xmms
mplayer is Universal media player, plays anything… then just do…
sudo apt-get install mplayer
xchat – IRC client
sudo apt-get install xchat
You can uninstall using the fallowing command,
sudo apt-get remove xmms
Search for packages…
You can also search for a particular package to check if it is available or not. For example, if you want to search for dvd rip software ….
apt-cache search dvp rip
apt-cache search audio video player
This will give you list available packages depending on your search keywords. You can use apt-get install xxxx to install them.
Don’t like commands ?
someone enjoy using commands in terminal and someone use Graphical Interface (mouse thingy) to have work done. I use commands tho…
There is another way to install packages, the graphical way… using synaptic package manager you can do it. It will be a childs play if you are using synaptic. Here is a screenshot of synaptic package manager….
NTFS read/write support …
For NTFS read/write support fallow this thread http://www.ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=217009
Getting Help …
The best thing about Ubuntu is, it has got a enormous support for its users. There is a good documentation available at https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ , Ubuntu IRC channels #ubuntu , #ubuntu-classroom , #ubuntu-ap (Local AP channel) for instant help & live chat, and You can use Ubuntu forums http://ubuntuforums.org/ to post your questions.
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